Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum
Great Golden Digger Wasp feeding on Boneset
- Common Names
- Boneset , Common Thorough wort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
- Botanical Name
- Eupatorium perfoliatum
Medicinal Uses & Benefits of Boneset
How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|
- Medicinal Uses: * Bronchitis
- Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Anti-inflammatory * Antibacterial * Bitter * Cathartic * Depurative * Diaphoretic * emetic * Febrifuge * Immunostimulant * Nervine
- Parts Used: Aerial parts
- Constituents: flavonoids (including quercetin, kaempferol, rutin and eupatorin), terpenoids (including sesquiterpene lactones), volatile oil, resin
How to Use: Boneset
This Native American remedy for colds and fever was adopted by early settlers to America. The name refers to the plant's use to treat breakbone fever, (dengue), a viral infection that causes such intense muscle pain that sufferers feel their bones will break. Only the advent of aspirin displaced boneset as the popular choice for home remedies. Boneset is still one of the best herbal remedies for the flu and fevers. 4
Preparation Methods & Dosage :Whole herb in capsules, teas, and tinctures. Boneset tea is very bitter.
Boneset Side Effects: Consumption of large amounts can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Those allergic to chamomile, feverfew, or ragwort should not use. Safety in pregnant women is not established
Eupatorium cannabinum (Hemp Agrimony)
- Flowers:Composite, the numerous, small, dull, white heads of tubular florets only, crowded in a scaly involucre and borne in spreading, flat-topped terminal cymes.
- Stem:Stout, tall, branching above, hairy, leafy
- Leaves:Opposite, often united at their bases, or clasping, lance-shaped, saw-edged, wrinkled.
- Preferred Habitat:Wet ground, low meadows, roadsides.
- Flowering Season:July - September
- Distribution:From the Gulf states north to Nebraska, Manitoba, and New Brunswick.
Frequently, in just such situations as its sister the Joe-Pye Weed selects, and with similar intent, the boneset spreads its soft, leaden-white bloom; but it will be noticed that the butterflies, which love color, especially deep pinks and magenta, let this plant alone, whereas beetles, that do not find the butterfly's favorite, fragrant Joe-Pye Weed at all to their liking, prefer these dull, odorous flowers. Many flies, wasps, and bees also, get generous entertainment in these tiny florets, where they feast with the minimum loss of time, each head in a cluster containing, as it does, from ten to sixteen restaurants. An ant crawling up the stem is usually discouraged by its hairs long before reaching the sweets. Sometimes the stem appears to run through the centre of one large leaf that is kinky in the middle and taper-pointed at both ends, rather than between a pair of leaves. 2
Regional Traditions :North America *
Related Species Joe-pye weed, E. purpureum Hemp Agrimony Eupatorium cannabinum
Though now little used medicinally, herbalists recognize its cathartic, diuretic and anti-scorbutic properties, and consider it a good remedy for purifying the blood, either used by itself, or in combination with other herbs. It had also the reputation of being a good wound herb, whether bruised or made into an ointment with lard.3
History and Traditions & Folklore
Boneset was used extensively by the early American colonists who would keep a good supply of the dried herb on hand to treat colds and fevers.1
- Charles F. Millspaugh American Medicinal Plants (1892)
- Netje Blanchan Wild Flowers worth Knowing(1917)
- Grieve, Maude Modern Herbal (1931)
- Hoffmann, David (2010-12-15). Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine (p. 549). Healing Arts Press.